Friday, December 29, 2006


Indians living in urban areas are far more overweight and abdominally obese than NRIs; however, more NRIs have diabetes than resident Indians, according to a four year study funded by the US Congress to study patterns of obesity and diabetes among NRIs and Indian citizens. The study was commissioned by Texas University and conducted jointly by Indian and American physicians in seven locations in the US, in the capital city of India, New Delhi, and in the rural area of a southern Indian state, Tamil Nadu.
The study found 17.4 percent NRIs were diabetic compared with 13.6 percent in Delhi and 9 percent in rural India. The higher prevalence of diabetes in NRIs is attributed to their lifestyles, a trend fast being adopted by urban India. All 2,146 subjects of the study were over 18 years of age. Of the sample 60 percent from the US, 50 percent from New Delhi and 32 percent from Tamil Nadu were male.It was found that NRIs also had a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS), which is characterised by a set of risk factors that include abdominal obesity, low HDL cholesterol and high LDL cholesterol, high blood pressure and insulin resistance. More than half of the patients with MS are at an increased risk of coronary disease.

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